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Understanding the DACA Program: Eligibility and Recent Developments

Understanding the DACA Program: Eligibility and Recent Developments

In recent years, immigration policies and programs in the United States have undergone significant changes and debates. One program that has garnered substantial attention is the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program. DACA has had a profound impact on the lives of hundreds of thousands of young undocumented immigrants, often referred to as Dreamers. In this blog, we will delve into the DACA program, explore its eligibility criteria, and discuss recent developments that have shaped its future.



What is DACA?

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, commonly known as DACA, is an immigration policy that was implemented by the Obama administration in 2012. It allows certain undocumented immigrants who came to the United States as children to receive protection from deportation and obtain work authorization for a renewable period of two years. DACA does not grant lawful immigration status, but it provides temporary relief from removal proceedings.


Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for DACA, individuals must meet specific criteria:

  1. Age Requirement: Applicants must have been under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012. They must also have entered the United States before turning 16.
  2. Continuous Residence: Applicants must have continuously resided in the United States since June 15, 2007. They should have been physically present in the country on June 15, 2012, and at the time of making their DACA request.
  3. Education or Military Service: Applicants must either be enrolled in school, have graduated from high school, obtained a GED certificate, or have been honorably discharged from the U.S. Armed Forces or the Coast Guard.
  4. Criminal Record: Individuals with certain criminal convictions or significant misdemeanors may be ineligible for DACA. It is essential to have a clean criminal record and be considered a low priority for immigration enforcement.
  5. Age Limit: There is no upper age limit to apply for DACA. As long as an individual meets the other criteria, they can apply.


Benefits of DACA

DACA provides several significant benefits to eligible individuals:

  1. Protection from Deportation: The primary benefit is protection from deportation. DACA recipients are granted deferred action, meaning they are not a priority for removal by immigration authorities during the period of DACA status.
  2. Work Authorization: DACA recipients can obtain work authorization, allowing them to work legally in the United States. This provides opportunities for higher education and better employment prospects.
  3. Social Security Number: DACA recipients receive a Social Security Number (SSN), which enables them to open bank accounts, obtain a driver’s license in some states, and access various government services.
  4. Renewable Status: DACA status is typically granted for two years and can be renewed, subject to meeting the eligibility requirements and demonstrating continued compliance with the program.


Recent Developments and Legal Challenges

Since its inception, DACA has faced various legal challenges and policy changes, leading to uncertainty for many Dreamers. Here are some key recent developments:

  1. Rescission Attempt: In 2017, the Trump administration attempted to rescind DACA, arguing that it was an overreach of executive authority. This led to a series of legal battles.
  2. Supreme Court Decision: In June 2020, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Trump administration’s attempt to rescind DACA was arbitrary and capricious. As a result, DACA was reinstated to its original form.
  3. On September 13, 2023, a federal judge in the Southern District of Texas ruled DACA unlawful. Per the judge’s order, first-time DACA applications continue to be blocked and cannot be processed. Individuals who have DACA (as of July 16, 2021), or whose DACA has lapsed for less than one year, can continue to apply for renewal of their DACA. Please check back here for further analysis of the court decision.


While DACA continues to provide relief to many Dreamers, its temporary nature underscores the need for comprehensive immigration reform. The program has allowed countless young individuals to pursue their dreams, contribute to their communities, and build lives in the United States.

However, the constant legal battles and uncertainties surrounding DACA emphasize the importance of legislative action to provide a permanent solution for Dreamers. Efforts for immigration reform are ongoing, and the future of DACA remains intertwined with broader policy discussions on immigration.



In conclusion, the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program has played a pivotal role in the lives of young undocumented immigrants in the United States. Understanding the program’s eligibility criteria and recent developments is crucial for those seeking DACA protection. While DACA offers temporary relief, a more stable solution for Dreamers will require comprehensive immigration reform.

As discussions on immigration policy continue, it is essential to stay informed about any changes that may affect DACA and its recipients. DACA recipients and potential applicants should seek legal counsel and stay engaged with advocacy efforts to secure their future in the United States.


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